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The Holy Trinity is at the core of Christian understanding, though the concept of the doctrine of Trinity can, on the surface, be quite complex or confusing. So, we wanted to dive in and explore this subject in today's article.

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The Holy Trinity is comprised of three parts in one: Father (God), Son (Jesus) and Holy Spirit. We'll explore each of these throughout the article, but let's first pause and explore what the Bible tells us about the doctrine of Trinity.

Bible Verses About the Trinity

First and foremost, a fun fact: the word "Trinity" won't be found in your Bible. But that's not a reason to ignore the concept, as it is, indeed, taught throughout scripture. So, while you won't see the word directly laid out, you will see it embedded within the words, meaning and context of the entirety of the Bible.

Next, let's review the ways in which the Bible describes the Holy Trinity. Each of these verses sheds some light on the doctrine of Trinity. In some scriptures, Jesus makes it clear that He and the Lord are one. In others, He promises that the Holy Spirit will come to bring truth to his followers.

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Each scripture offers fascinating insight; there are others, but these give a lens into the concept of the Holy Trinity:

Matthew 28:19-20 (NIV)

"Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”

John 10:30 (NIV)

"I and the Father are one."

Doctrine of Trinity

1 Corinthians 8:6 (NIV)

"Yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live."

2 Corinthians 13:14 (NIV)

"May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all."

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John 14:16-19 (NIV)

"And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever—the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. Before long, the world will not see me anymore, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live."

What Is the Doctrine of Trinity?

So, what is the doctrine of Trinity? We have explored already the concept that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are one in the same, though they are also operational in scripture and in life in separate contexts.

This can seem confusing, and GotQuestions.org has a wonderful explainer for anyone who finds him or herself perplexed. The outlet notes that the Trinity is, indeed, the toughest concept for many to ascertain, and that, on some levels, it is impossible for humans to fully make sense of it. That said, its truth is implicit in scripture. The outlet notes:

The Bible teaches that the Father is God, that Jesus is God, and that the Holy Spirit is God. The Bible also teaches that there is only one God. Though we can understand some facts about the relationship of the different Persons of the Trinity to one another, ultimately, it is incomprehensible to the human mind. However, this does not mean the Trinity is not true or that it is not based on the teachings of the Bible.

There is much to be read on The Holy Trinity and many experts have dove deep into scripture to make sense of the various elements surrounding the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

Roles and Responsibilities of the Holy Trinity

Let's briefly explore the roles and responsibilities of the three parts of the Holy Trinity. While each is fully God, there are different responsibilities and breakdowns. And it seems that, despite all being God, there are different roles and responsibilities and a different hierarchy worth understanding

A 2011 article from Family Ministry Today frames this portion of the doctrine of Trinity in this way:

The Father is supreme in authority among the Persons of the Godhead, and he is responsible for devising the grand purposes and plans that take place through all of creation and redemption (see, for example, Eph 1:3, 9-11). The Son is under the Father’s authority and seeks always to do the Father’s will. Although the Son is fully God, he nonetheless takes his lead from the Father and seeks to glorify the Father in all that he does (see, for example, John 8:28-29, 42). The Spirit is under both the Father and the Son. As the Son sought to glorify the Father in all he did, the Spirit seeks to glorify the Son, to the ultimate praise of the Father (see, for example, John 16:14; 1 Cor 12:3; Phil 2:11).

Scripture makes it clear that the Lord is the Creator of the universe and that He has an ultimate purpose, not only for the world in which we live but also for our lives. As for Jesus, He willingly came to Earth, died and saved humanity from sin. This act was in obedience to the Father and quite obviously in honor of Him.

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In John 14:16-19, we see Christ promising that the "Spirit of Truth" will come to advocate for His followers, thus we see the role of the Holy Spirit being laid out in scripture. Another fascinating element is Jesus' statement that the Holy Spirit will live within His followers (as well as with them).

In Acts 4:10 (NIV), Peter sheds more light on the relationship between the Holy Trinity when he proclaims that God raised Jesus from the dead. An enthralling part of scriptures that ties together with this proclamation can be found in Romans 8:11, when the Holy Spirit is also credited with Jesus' resurrection. That verse reads (NIV):

"And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies because of his Spirit who lives in you."

These divergent yet complementary roles are quite intriguing. Want to learn more about God? Consider streaming "The Case for Christ" and three of Lee Strobel's powerful documentaries:

"Case for Christ"

The Holy Trinity

An award-winning investigative journalist – and avowed atheist – who applies his well-honed journalistic and legal skills to disprove the newfound Christian faith of his wife ... with unexpected, life-altering results. Watch "The Case for Christ' right now on Pure Flix.

"The Case for Christ: Documentary"

The Doctrine of Trinity

Lee Strobel's bestselling book comes to life in this unforgettable documentary that chronicles the reporter's journey from atheism to faith. Watch the documentary right now on Pure Flix.

"The Case for a Creator: Documentary"

The Holy Trinity Case for a Creator Pure Flix

In "The Case for a Creator," Lee Strobel reexamines the theories that once led him away from God to explore the question: Does 21st-century science point us toward or away from a supernatural Creator? Watch the documentary right now on Pure Flix.

"The Case for Faith: Documentary"

Case for Faith Holy Trinity Pure Flix

Lee Strobel's bestselling book comes to life in this unforgettable documentary that chronicles the reporter's journey from atheism to faith. Watch the documentary right now on Pure Flix.

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